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    3 Superfoods To Add To Your Grocery List This Winter 

    Brace yourself… winter has arrived. And with it, a slew of annual colds and flu. To make sure your body is totally prepared, these 3 superfoods are your best bet to keep immunity up and boost your energy levels for when you have to power through rainy days and tough workouts.
    But first things first – let’s break down what a superfood actually is. 
    Superfoods are foods that are nutritionally dense. While the term is a bit ambiguous, the basic gist is that these foods are nutrient-rich and offer an array of health benefits while being low in kilojoules.
    Here, three top superfoods to add to your grocery list this winter. 
    Ginger is a must-have for an array of reasons. It has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, helps with digestion, boosts your immune system and has even been known to help with morning sickness! There are many other proven benefits to this wonderful spice, but aside from medicinal uses, it also just tastes great (in moderation). 
    Ginger has been used in Asian cuisine for centuries, and it’s easy to understand why. The spice adds a somewhat sweet, spicy taste to any dish. You can enjoy ginger in juice form, in your dinner, on your morning oats, or even on its own. It is super versatile and will add some pizzaz to whatever you choose to use it in – and you’ll be boosting your immune system while you’re at it. It’s the perfect addition to any winter meal.  
    When you think citrus fruits, you probably think vitamin C – and that’s correct. But there’s much more to these zesty superfoods than their vitamin C content. They also contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents, are an excellent source of fibre, contain an abundance of minerals (like magnesium and potassium), and are incredibly low in calories. 
    There are a variety of citrus fruits to choose from, but some of our personal favourites include oranges, clementines, naartjies, grapefruits, and a classic lemon. Just like ginger, these fruits are incredibly versatile and cater to an array of taste buds. They are incredibly tasty on their own but can also add a great kick to a meal. You could combine citrus juice with some ginger juice for a tasty, immune-boosting drink that will help you kickstart every winter morning.
    During the winter months you can never go wrong with a creamy butternut soup or some fluffy pumpkin fritters, amongst other tasty squash recipes. The great news? Not only is squash (in all its many wonderful forms) a delicious winter comfort food, it’s also healthy! This will depend on how you choose to serve it of course, but squash on its own is actually a great source of fibre. It also comes with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. 
    Squash is easily one of the most versatile winter ingredients; it can be enjoyed in soups, purees, pastas, roasts, or on its own. Adding some squash to any winter meal is a super easy way to make sure your body is full of nutrition and ready to tackle the cold. 
    Some other worthy additions to this list of winter superfoods include: carrots, beetroot, kale, sweet potato, and avocado – to name a few. 
    There are so many ways to enjoy winter superfoods. If you focus on including fresh fruits, veggies, herbs, and spices in your winter diet, you’ll be giving your immune system the upper hand when it comes to handling the cold. So be sure to keep eating the rainbow!

    Win with Herbalife!
    This season, we’re giving you even more reasons to get healthy despite the weather. We’re giving five lucky people a Herbalife hamper with everything they’ll need to get in shape, to the value of R2700. The lucky winners will receive:

    1 x Herbalife shaker
    1 x Aloe concentrate drink
    1 x Multifibre
    1 x Vegan protein drink mix
    1 x Tea extracts
    1 x Shake mix
    1 x Yoga mat
    1 x Yoga ball
    1 x Bag

    How To Enter
    Entering will only take a minute.
    1. Make sure that you are following us on Instagram @womenshealthmagsa and @herbalifesouthafrica.2. Stay tuned to the @womenshealthmagsa Instagram page on 23rd June for the competition post.3. Like the post, tag a friend in the comments, and share it to your Instagram story – tagging @womenshealthmagsa and @herbalifesouthafrica.4. The winner will be randomly selected and notified.5. The competition will run from 23rd June – 4th July 2022.6. Terms and conditions apply.

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    Caley Jäck’s Simple Formula For Sticking To A Healthy Lifestyle

    If you’re anything like a normal person, you’d almost always pick a pizza over a salad. Or an extra hour’s nap over waking up early to work out. And like any normal person, you’d still much rather resemble the glowy, sculpted goddess that is our cover girl and Les Mills trainer Caley Jäck. But to achieve this physique and look amazing, there’s a certain amount of resilience that comes with sticking to a healthy lifestyle.
    Of course, queries from people wanting to carve out such a healthy lifestyle are not unheard of for Caley, who’s been a fitness trainer for a long time. She’s also a pre-and post-natal instructor, and many women seek a return to their bodies before giving birth. Here, we’ve teased out bits of wisdom from our interview with her to reveal a down-to-earth approach that shapes her habits – and can help you, too.
    1. Keep It Simple
    A lot of modern-day weight loss and health messaging can be conflicting, misleading and downright confusing. There are so many superfood blends, protein powders and supplements that you’d be forgiven for not knowing where to start. “Keep it as simple as possible,” says Caley. “If it’s creating too much anxiety to integrate into your week, why implement that?” If you can’t find the time to cook a full breakfast, find a way to make it quick and easy, like a fast smoothie or overnight oats.
    READ MORE: Calories Vs Nutrients: What You Need To Know About Losing Weight
    2. See To Your Baseline
    When it comes to supplements, powders and health tonics, Caley is reluctant to jump on the bandwagon. “I really feel that you need to prioritize your baseline nutrition,” she says. “If you can’t consume a full meal, a protein shake is maybe the best way to get your body to absorb [nutrients]. Do that because it works for your lifestyle,” says Caley. “But don’t let that be your meal replacement. Rather try and if possible, prioritize a good, wholesome plate of food.”
    READ MORE: Can CLA Safflower Oil Supplements Really Help You Lose Weight?

    3. Spend Time Learning About Portion Sizes
    “I’ve never been one that’s able to follow a diet or like an eating plan as such,” says Caley. “I do find there is a benefit in learning more about how to balance your macros.” While physically cutting and measuring portions might be too finicky for you, a simple chart about the correct portions of food goes a long way in figuring out a good balance on your plate. For Caley, this means happily allowing herself to have a muffin – with butter and cheese – but halving her portions. She demonstrates with her plate: “So like okay, I’m not going to have this whole piece of butter. But I’m going to have that section of butter because that is proportion to what my body needs,” she says. Focusing on what your body needs rather than what you want can be a big driver of change.
    READ MORE: I Tried The Planet Fitness FitBuddy App – Here’s What I Think
    4. Commit To The Change
    If you’re trying to stick to a healthy lifestyle, you’ll have to accept that it’ll be uncomfortable for a little while. But that’s the case with any change. “I feel like if you create a of change within your lifestyle, and you integrate that every day, that’s when it becomes habitual. And when it’s habitual, you don’t have to think about it,” she says. “Anything that requires change takes time and it feels uncomfortable in the beginning. But if you’re wanting to create change, and if you’re wanting to hit certain goals, you need to create change.”

    READ MORE ON: Health Goals Healthy Eating Tips Weight Loss Tips More

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    Supercharge Your Winter Workouts With These 5 Superfoods

    Training through the cold winter months can be quite challenging. Unlike the warm summer months, winter training demands a bit more energy from your body — along with truckloads of motivation and consistency! Joining an active community, or working with a programme designed to help you reach your goals, are two ways Virgin Active can help to keep you going. The rest is up to your body, how you fuel it and eeerrr, your discipline levels.
    Keeping your body fuelled with healthy foods before and after a winter workout is very important. However, too often, on-the-go options contain sugar or are high in calories that won’t fuel your body with the proper energy, nutrients and fibre that it needs to perform at its best. So instead of getting stronger, faster, you’ll find it harder to recover after workouts — and you may even become more susceptible to illnesses and injury. And we’re certain that wasn’t the initial goal! 
    Fortunately, there is a wide range of superfoods to choose from that can exponentially supercharge your winter workout — and take you from shivering to sizzling. 
    Below is a list of the best superfoods, curated by our friends at Virgin Active, that can be found in some of the delicious options on offer at Kauai. The best part, it’s right inside the club.

    1. Ginger
    One of the superfoods on this list that is truly deserving of the title. Ginger is packed with nutrients and boasts wide-ranging health benefits, hence it’s a staple in many green juices. Ginger helps minimise inflammation, reduces nausea and its blood-thinning properties can help reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes. But most importantly, ginger can help boost immunity due to its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties – very NB during winter months. Get your boost of ginger in Kauai’s Ginger Shot. Alternatively, try their delicious Floo Juice which fuses ginger with orange, carrot, lemon, ginger and cayenne pepper.
    2. Red Peppers
    Think citrus fruits have the most Vitamin C of any fruit or vegetable? Think again. Red peppers contain twice as much Vitamin C as that found in citrus fruits. Vitamin C is important for boosting immunity, improving digestion and maintaining a healthy weight. FYI: The spicy peppers rev up your metabolism and suppress your appetite. Evidence also suggests that cayenne pepper—made from red peppers—can help clear congestion and relieve headaches. You can get a great cayenne pepper kick from the red peppers in Kauai’s Thai Crunch Salad Bowl or Spicy Burrito Wrap.
    READ MORE: Why A Boxing Workout Is A Quick Route To A Shredded Body
    3. Raw Nuts
    Raw nuts can lower bad cholesterol, control blood sugar levels and reduce inflammation. They are a great source of Omega-3, while being rich in Vitamin E, antioxidants and magnesium. Nuts can also help improve the lining of your arteries and reduce the risk of developing blood clots. If you need a snack that packs a powerful punch before a workout, don’t hesitate to pick up a snack pack of Kauai’s Raw Mixed Nuts or grab a delicious Nut Milk Smoothie post-workout. The Almond Nut Porridge is also a guaranteed way to start your day with a bang. 

    4. Cinnamon
    A very common household ingredient, cinnamon is essential for producing healthy red blood cells and also helps reduce spikes in blood sugar levels—a common occurrence for many after a sweat sesh! Cinnamon also has probiotic properties that support gut health, therefore aiding with digestion and serving as a natural immune booster due to its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. Packed with cinnamon, Kauai’s Plant Porridge Pot will give you a warm start to your winter workout. Their Cinna-Bomb Smoothie is also a great option if you’re looking for a yummy cinnamon kick. 
    5. Chicken Is A Winter Winner
    Bet you weren’t expecting to see chicken on a superfoods list, huh?! Sometimes, a healthy comfort food after a gruelling winter workout is just what the body needs. Chicken is high in vitamin B-6. About 85 grams of lean chicken meat contains 40 to 50 percent of your daily recommended amount of B-6. Vitamin B-6 plays a key role in many of the chemical reactions that take place in the body. It’s also vital to the formation of new and healthy red blood cells. Not only is Kauai’s Butta Chicken satiating, it’s also packed with essential proteins. For a spicier option, opt for a Cajun Chicken Quesadilla.
    When fuelling your body, every bite matters. A combination of the above nutrients—mixed with locally-sourced fresh, raw ingredients and eaten regularly—will make these superfoods the nutritional powerhouses that help sustain you through the long winter ahead.
    Check out the delicious Kauai superfood options available at your nearest Virgin Active Club, right now.
    Even better, if you sign up in June, you’ll qualify for a free smoothie every day for 30 days to help get you through the winter slump. Click here for more information or to sign up.

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    Why Nutri-B Energy Is The Multivitamin You Need RN!

    Keeping up with life’s demands can get stressful, and while adding more hours to your day isn’t possible, wouldn’t it be nice if you could give yourself a quick boost of energy when you really need it? Well, Nutri-B Energy fizzies is your solution for the vitality boost you’ve been looking for.
    What’s In It
    Nutri-B Energy provides an instant energy boost that will revitalise your mind and body, and get you through even the most hectic of days. That’s thanks to the B-complex vitamins packed into every effervescent to protect you from the effects of everyday stress, while sustaining natural energy. That’s all without the crash or slump at the end of the day.
    Nutri-B Energy contains Theanine, a non-sedating amino acid with possible anti-anxiety effects. Combined with taurine, which is an amino acid that scientists believe may improve heart function, plus zinc & vitamin C to protect cells against oxidative stress in the body and support immunity, Nutri-B Energy fizzies are a great way to boost energy and supplement good health.
    The Benefits
    Feel the FIZZ of Nutri-B’s great-tasting Energy fizzies in sugar-free Orange or Tropical flavour that are sure to make your tastebuds dance while giving you enhanced mental focus, improved physical stamina and vitality, and reduced fatigue. The best part is that they contain a zero-calorie artificial sweetener, so you don’t have to compromise your health and fitness goals while enjoying a fizzy pick-me-up!
    For anyone who wants to make the most of every day and level up, Vitaforce Nutri-B Energy is just what you need to power through and make it happen. Nutri-B energy is suitable for adults and children 14 years and older and it suitable for vegans and vegetarians.
    May the Vitaforce be with you. Visit and @VitaforceSA on Facebook to find out more.

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    What Is The Pescatarian Diet — And Is It Even Good For You?

    Honestly, who can keep track of all the ‘tarians that exist these days? There are vegetarians, flexitarians, pescatarians. Don’t even get me started on pegans. But seriously—which one is best if you can’t give up spicy tuna rolls?
    Basically, if you like the idea of slashing your meat intake but have a LTR with salmon, the pescatarian diet may be for you. People who follow the plan eat a wide variety of plant-based foods, like fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts—plus fish and seafood.

    Whether you eat dairy and eggs on the pescatarian diet is up to you. Some keep them in their weekly rotation, while others opt out. Totally off the table: red meat, poultry and pork.
    This might sound similar to the popular Mediterranean diet, but there’s one major difference: Red meat is allowed (in moderation) on the Med diet. You’re also supposed to avoid packaged foods on that plan, while the pescatarian diet doesn’t have a specific policy on store-bought stuff. Otherwise, there’s a lot of overlap: Seafood, fresh produce, and plant-based proteins are mainstays of both eating plans.
    Is going pescatarian healthier than other diets?
    Unless you can’t live without steak, there’s a lot to love about the pescatarian diet. “You’ll reap the nutritional benefits of a plant-based diet, as well as the nutritional benefits of fish and seafood,” says Emily Kyle, a registered dietician
    Basically, pescatarians get all of the antioxidant- and vitamin-rich produce vegetarians do, while also getting some nutrients (like complete proteins and omega-3 fatty acids) from seafood that are harder to take in on a strictly plant-based diet.
    For example, while many vegetarians and vegans may struggle to get their fill of vitamin B12 (found primarily in animal protein), “pescatarians are able to meet their daily requirements for B12 with a single serving of most fish varieties,” says Georgia Rounder, a registered dietician.
    READ MORE: 26 Easy Recipes for Protein Pancakes
    Also key: Seafood is one of the best sources of heart- and brain-healthy omega-3 fatty acids. “Omega-3 fatty acids may decrease inflammation in the body and lower both blood pressure and triglycerides,” says Rounder. You can get omega-3s from plant-based sources like flaxseeds, but it’s harder than just eating an order of salmon and calling it a day.
    “This diet has also been associated with decreasing the risk for other chronic diseases, including diabetes, dementia, and depression,” adds Rounder, thanks to the boost of omega-3s you get when fish is your main source of protein.
    Other people, of course, choose it for sustainability reasons, animal-rights concerns, or just personal preference, adds Kyle.
    Can the pescatarian diet help with weight loss?
    The jury is still out about any particular diet that champions sustainable weight loss. But eliminating a lot of meat can help create a caloric deficit that would lead to weight loss, especially when the diet is supplemented with vegetables.
    One literature review of studies that evaluated vegetables in weight loss found that “a higher vegetable consumption in a healthy diet may prove beneficial for weight loss in overweight adults.”   So if your aim is to lose weight, watch that your fish consumption doesn’t take the place of consuming a variety of vegetables and fruits.
    READ MORE: How Much Water You Should Be Drinking Daily, According To A Nutritionist
    What about all that mercury tho?
    One important thing to keep in mind: Being pescatarian doesn’t mean you have to load up your plate with fish each meal—you can actually eat a carnivorous diet and consume more fish (and more mercury) than someone who’s pescatarian. But if you do consume a lot of seafood—regardless of which diet you follow—you’ll want to avoid eating high-mercury fish all day every day to minimise your risk of mercury poisoning.
    Eat swordfish, tilefish, King Mackerel, and large quantities of tuna in moderation, says Rounder—especially if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.
    That said, low-mercury seafood options, including canned light tuna, cod, clams, salmon, and hake are generally less of a cause for concern. “The most common fish that we eat on a daily basis are [low in mercury], meaning that in general the pescatarian diet is safe for most individuals,” says Kyle.
    READ MORE: This BBQ Pulled Pork Tortilla Recipe Is Delicious And Freezes Well For Meal Prep
    Whether you’re pescatarian or not, The American Heart Association recommends eating two servings of fish a week. And mix it up so that you’re eating a variety of seafood—that will further reduce your risk of consuming too much mercury.
    The bottom line: Go ahead and try the pescatarian diet if you’re interested. For most people, the health benefits of eating a plant-based diet plus fish far outweighs the potential risks.
    This article was originally published on 

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    Why Your Post-Workout Meal Is Just As Important As Your Workout, According to a Nutritionist and PT

    That post-workout meal that you choose actually has a much larger effect on how your muscles recover – thank you might think. And choosing the right post-sweat snack can help reduce that pain from Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness that you feel as you climb out of bed the next morning.
    But how exactly does that work? And how do you actually choose a meal that might make those muscle aches and pains subside? Well, we have the answers, so you finally know how and what you should be fuelling up on after your sweat sesh.
    But first, we need to school you on the science of muscle recovery. And here to teach you, is Candice De Mendonca, a South African sports nutritionist and personal trainer.
    READ MORE: Calories Vs Nutrients: What You Need To Know About Losing Weight
    What *is* recovery?
    Recovery is a metabolic process that ideally wants to return the body to homeostasis. This is achieved post-training, and post-workout is where anabolic growth happens in our bodies. When you’re in anabolic state, you’re building muscle mass. And when you exercise, you’re in a catabolic state which is when you’re breaking down both fat and muscle.
    So you can see why gym bros rush home to down their protein powders after their leg day; they are trying to optimise the amount of anabolic growth, or muscle building that happens. Because when you understand these processes and your overall metabolism, you may be able to manipulate your body weight.
    That’s also why recovery and rest is so vital to helping you achieve your goals. “Too little rest and your body becomes catabolic, breaking down muscle tissue,” sports therapist Barry Sigrist previously told Women’s Health. But there are many other elements to recovery, too.
    READ MORE: What Is Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (aka DOMS) & How Should You Treat It?
    “Recovery is multi-faceted with much-needed elements of rest, refuelling through nutrition, rehydration, regeneration (repair), resynthesis, reduction of inflammation and restoration,” says De Mendonca. “This ideally equals homeostasis in our bodies.”
    But right now we’re focusing on something that often gets overlooked; how to get that post-workout nutrition spot on. 
    How does nutrition play a role in muscle recovery?
    It’s all about macronutrients. Macronutrients are the nutrients that your body uses large amounts of. There are three types of macronutirents; proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
    “It is imperative that our bodies get these nutrients in for energy and to maintain our body’s structure and metabolic systems,” says Candice. “This is why we mustn’t cut out any macronutrients. Moderation and balance are key.”
    If you’re more of a visual person, this is what Candice means:

    READ MORE: How Much Water You Should Be Drinking Daily, According To A Nutritionist
    So which macronutrients matter most after you’ve done a workout?
    “When it comes to recovery post-workout, protein and carbohydrates work in our bodies like a lock and key system,” says Candice. 
    The protein provides the muscles with what they need to repair, regenerate and grow by means of protein synthesis (that’s the metabolic process in which amino acids enter the muscle to bind to skeletal muscle proteins). And carbohydrates provide your muscles with what they need to refuel and store by replacing electrolytes and storing glycogen in your muscles and liver.
    In a 2007 paper from the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, researchers found that ingesting carbohydrates with protein following exercise increases growth hormone levels  to a greater extent than when compared to ingesting protein alone. The researchers stated that this led to a more favourable anabolic environment. for growth and recovery. So that’s why digging into a single chicken breast post-workout might not be the best idea, carbs are your friend here.
    But what about the third macronutrient; fats? Well, there is no scientific evidence that proves fats help right before you exercise or straight after. That’s because fats take too long to digest and break down to provide quick fuel and quick recovery. 
    How long after your workout should you eat?
    When you exercise, blood is quickly transported to the necessary muscle groups you are using to supply energy and nutrients.
    This is actually where the infamous “pump” comes from and this pump will last about two hours, making it an ideal time frame to get a post-workout meal in, advises Candice. Or, you know, to get that perfect post-workout mirror selfie in. 
    So, for 30 minutes to two hours after your workout, you want to try and get in a protein and carbohydrate only.
    READ MORE: 26 Easy Recipes for Protein Pancakes
    What is the perfect recovery ratio to look for in a post-workout meal?
    There is no cut and paste to nutrition. However, there are general rules of thumb you can follow, especially if you don’t have access to a dietician or sports nutritionist. And you can apply this logic to your post-workout nutrition.
    The physiologically perfect recovery ratio is 3:1 (carbs to protein). 
    “Everyone is different and there is no cut and paste to eating. Your vehicle and fuel requirements are different to mine,” explains Candice. “The ratio range one can use can safely be between 2:1 and 4:1 depending on your physical activity, intensity, duration and goals.”
    “For example, a runner would use a 2:1 ratio but a rugby player would use a 4:1 ratio.”
    “A post-workout meal with protein and carbs will enhance glycogen storage and muscle protein synthesis. Consuming a ratio of 3:1 (carbs to protein) is a pragmatic way to achieve this.”
    How can you put this into practice?
    “Plan your nutrition because that is already 80% of the battle won, 15% is your physical activity and 5% is your genetics;” says Candice. “You can exercise till you are quite blue in the face but if you’re not eating right your results will be minimal and not optimal.”
    Luckily, there is a very tasty way to get the nutrients you need after you’ve closed your workout ring at gym. Research has shown that drinking low-fat chocolate milk after a workout aids in post-workout recovery and muscle protein synthesis.
    We know, right? Chocolate milk!
    One great option is First Choice High Protein Recovery Milk. It has a ratio of 2:1 with 22g of protein and 22g carbohydrates with added grams from sucrose and lactose bringing the total carbs to 41.3g.
    Plus, major soccer clubs like Cape Town City Football Club and Amazulu use it as part of their nutrition and condition plans. And they recently won best new product in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages category of the 2020/21 FOOD REVIEW/Symrise New Product Competition. So you know it’s legit.
    READ MORE: How To Adapt Your Fitness and Nutrition For Every Age
    But what does our sports nutritionist and personal trainer say? “HPR makes it extremely easy, rewarding, and delicious to get protein in. Especially post-workout, it’s premixed, no mess, no fuss, and extremely delicious,” says Candice.
    Some other snacks from Candice that you could try are: 1 banana and 2 boiled eggs (12g protein: 31g carbs), 2 slices wholegrain toast and 1.5 tablespoons peanut butter (12g protein: 32g carbs) or 120g quinoa and 60g chicken (17g protein: 55g carbs).

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    Is When You Eat More Important Than What You Eat?

    Many people worry about gaining weight if they eat later than a certain time. But does it matter when you eat? Is this time really more important than what you eat?
    There’s been a ridiculous amount of research into whether you’ll gain weight if you eat (dinner) after 8pm. The results of the studies are not always consistent. In one study, there was no association between eating late and being overweight, while other researchers found that those who ate after 8 p.m. consumed more calories than previous eaters. Those extra kilojoules can actually lead to weight gain. In general, you do not seem to gain extra weight if you eat late at night, but then you should eat a healthy and varied diet during the day.
    READ MORE: Can Acupuncture Really Help You Lose Weight? We Asked The Experts
    Food Choices
    Don’t be blinded by the times. In reality, what you eat is much more important than when you eat. In addition, the problem is that late eaters often tend to eat more, and less healthily. Regardless of the timing, eating more kilojoules will automatically lead to weight gain. So eating in the evening can only lead to weight gain if you eat a surplus of ‘joules.
    Furthermore, eating late can affect certain food choices. Late at night, you are more likely to choose unhealthy foods. These foods often contain little nutritional value, such as chips, soda and ice cream. This is partly due to emotional eating and fatigue. In either case, you crave less healthy, high-kilojoule foods .
    READ MORE: 12 Reasons You’re Not Losing Weight While Doing Intermittent Fasting, According To An RD
    Meal Timing
    While the total number of calories you eat ultimately affects your weight, research shows that there are ways to regulate your appetite through meal timing and frequency.
    Several studies indicate that eating a high-kilojoule breakfast can keep you feeling full for longer and potentially prevent overeating in the evening. In one study, people who ate a 2510kJ breakfast had less appetite and significantly less hunger throughout the day than people who ate half the kilojoules for breakfast. In particular, the appetite for sweets was reduced.
    Late night snack
    Also, eating several small meals can help control your appetite and reduce hunger pangs throughout the day. So experiment with the timing and size of your meals. If you still feel like a late night snack, it is best to go for these foods.
    This article was first published on
    READ MORE: 5 Obesity Causes That Prove It’s Way More Complicated Than Just Eating Too Much

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    How Much Water You Should Be Drinking Daily, According To A Nutritionist

    Given the emphasis on hydration in health circles (downing enough of the clear stuff has been linked to improved mood and brain function and a happily functioning digestive tract) it might not be something you think about that much –after all, your reusable water bottle never leaves your side…
    But. Although some experts would have you think it’s as simple as aiming for two litres of liquid per day, in reality it’s far more complicated than that.
    As nutritional therapist and co-founder of Your Body Programme Terry Fairclough reveals, factors such as your activity levels, the weather, your health and whether you’re pregnant all need to be considered when working out how much you should be drinking per day.
    How Much Water Should I Drink a Day: Your 5-Step Checklist
    1. What is your current weight?
    To find the base amount you should be drinking per day:
    Multiply your weight in kg by 0.6
    Divide this figure by 15
    For example, if you weigh 60kg: 60 x 0.6 ÷ 15 = 2.5 litres per day
    “Remember that a diet rich in fruit and vegetables will increase water intake, meaning you can drink less water,” says Fairclough, “while, drinking too much coffee, tea and alcohol will act as a diuretic, meaning you will need more.”
    2. What are today’s training goals?
    Did you know that you can lose up to 6-10% of your body’s water content, via sweat, when you exercise ? Which, considering even just a drop of 2% can have a noticeable effect on your performance levels, is a lot. Helps to explain why that uphill sprint suddenly feels so much harder than it ever has done before. Did you know that muscle is about 80% water? ‘The American College of Sports Medicine recommends drinking o.5 litres about two hours before exercise, and at regular intervals during your workout to replace fluids lost by sweating,’ says Fairclough.
    “If you exercise or engage in any activity that makes you sweat, you need to drink extra 1.5 to 2.5 cups (400 to 600 millilitres) of water to compensate for the fluid loss – if you’re doing short bouts of exercise. For more intense training lasting more than an hour (for example, running a marathon), you will need even more – the exact amount depends on how much you sweat during exercise, and the duration and type of exercise.”
    When undertaking intense exercise, Fairclough also recommends hydrating with a sport drink that contains sodium to help replace that lost in sweat and so reduce the chances of developing hyponatremia (see below). “It is also essential that you continue replacing fluids after exercising.”
    3. What is the weather like?
    Okay, so this isn’t just a question of whether you’ve managed to bare your legs for the summer or are still encased in a pair of tights. The environment that you commute and work in also factors into how much water you should be drinking.
    ‘Hot, humid weather and heated indoor air, can make you sweat, leaving you dehydrated and in need of fluid,’ says Fairclough. ‘Plus, altitudes greater than 8,200 feet (2,500 metres) may trigger increased urination and more rapid breathing, which use up more of your fluid reserves.’
    One to note, if you’ve any adventure holidays in the pipeline.
    4. How are you feeling?
    If you’ve been experiencing illness such as a fever, vomiting and diarrhoea, or conditions, including bladder infections and urinary tract stones, you should be upping your fluid intake to compensate.
    “In some cases, your doctor may recommend oral rehydration solutions such as Rehidrat or Powerade,” says Fairclough. Note that a number of health conditions can impair water excretion: heart failure and some types of kidney, liver and adrenal diseases may require that you limit your fluid intake.
    5. Are you pregnant or breastfeeding?
    “The Institute of Medicine recommends that pregnant women drink about 10 cups (2.3 litres) of fluids daily and women who breast-feed consume about 13 cups (3.1 litres) of fluids a day,” notes Fairclough. Did you know that the water content of the foetus is estimated to be 75-90%?
    Why? Well, water is needed to form amniotic fluid (it is estimated a woman carries from 0.5-two litres during pregnancy), support the increase in blood plasma volume and to produce breast milk. “Remember, that water contained in tea and coffee is not an ideal replacement when dehydrated as they are diuretics and increase your loss of water.”
     5 Ways to Increase Your Water Consumption
    According to the Natural Hydration Council, symptoms of dehydration include constipation, dark yellow urine, a dry mouth, headaches, increased thirst, lethargy and muscle tiredness.
    Research shows that water losses of just 2% can result in reduced mental performance – think brain fog.
    Fairclough shares his top tips for keeping your fluid intake up:
    *Hot or warm water from the kettle is often easier to drink than water straight from the fridge, when the weather is cold.
    *Start the day with a glass of water to flush the body of toxins built up overnight.
    *Aim to have most of you water intake away from meals, as drinking a lot of water close to a meal may dilute digestive acids and enzymes, inhibiting digestion. However, having a glass of water one hour before a meal may help to increase the enzymes and acids.
    *Like tap, sparkling water contains no calories or sugar and, according to the Natural Hydration Council, when consumed in moderation, does not negatively impact dental health, bone density or weight.
    *Naturally flavour your water with slices of lime, lemon, strawberry, ginger or herbs such as mint.
    FYI: Remember that overhydrating can lead to health problems.
    The Natural Hydration Council warns of hyponatremia, which, although rare, can reduce blood salt levels and cause excess fluid to move from the blood into tissue cells, including those of the brain. Space your water evenly throughout the day. Everything in moderation, as they say.
    The article Once And For All: How Much Water Do I Have To Drink Each Day? was first published on Women’s Health US.